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India

India is a vast country with a rich and varied history. Situated in southern Asia, it is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the south, the Arabian Sea to the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal to the southeast. India has a long coastline, and its topography consists of the Himalayan mountains in the north, the Indo-Gangetic Plain in the north-central region, and the Deccan Plateau in the south. The country is divided into 29 states and 7 union territories. The states are further subdivided into districts. The capital of India is New Delhi, and the official language is Hindi. India has a population of over 1.2 billion people, making it the second most populous country in the world. The majority of the population is Hindu, followed by Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, and Buddhists. The economy of India is the seventh largest in the world in terms of nominal GDP, and the third largest in terms of purchasing power parity. The service sector is the largest contributor to the GDP, followed by agriculture and industry. India is a federal republic with a parliamentary democracy. The President of India is the head of state, and the Prime Minister is the head of government. The Parliament of India is bicameral, consisting of the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the Rajya Sabha (Council of States). India is a founding member of the United Nations, and is a member of the G20, the World Trade Organization, the International Monetary Fund, and the World Bank. India is also a nuclear weapons state.

Geographic data

Belongs to
Timezone
India Standard Time

Economy

GDP
9.474 trillion US dollars
Currency
Indian Rupee

Date format

Calendars
Gregorian Calendar
Indian National Calendar
First workday
Monday
Weekend
Sunday - Sunday

Measurement units

Measurement system
Metric
Length units
Kilometer
Meter
Centimeter
Area units
Square kilometer
Hectare
Square meter
Square centimeter
Speed unit
Kilometer per hour
Temperature unit
Celsius

Population
1.33B
Literacy percentage
62.8%
Official languages

Spoken languages

543.7M
251.96M
107.41M
95.48M
92.83M
78.24M
66.3M
59.67M
49.07M
42.43M
42.43M
37.13M
30.5M
25.2M
17.24M
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