Punjabi is the 10th most spoken language in the world, with over 130 million speakers. It is the native language of the Punjabi people, an ethnic group found in the Punjab region of Pakistan and India. The Punjabi language is one of the 22 official languages of India, and is also one of the 13 regional languages of Pakistan. Punjabi is a member of the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family. It is closely related to Hindi and Urdu, the national languages of India and Pakistan respectively. Punjabi is written in the Gurmukhi script, which was developed from the Landa script in the 16th century. The Punjabi language has a rich literary tradition, with works of poetry, prose, and drama in both the Gurmukhi and Shahmukhi scripts. The first Punjabi book was published in 1469, and the first Punjabi newspaper was published in 1882. Punjabi is a tonal language, with two main dialects: Majhi and Malwai. Majhi is spoken in the central part of the Punjab region, while Malwai is spoken in the southern part. Punjabi is a very versatile language, and can be used for a variety of purposes. It is the language of Punjab’s vibrant culture, and is also used in business, education, and government.

Language group

Indic languages

Language locales, regions and scripts

Punjabi, India, Gurmukhi
Punjabi, Pakistan
Punjabi, Pakistan, Arabic
Punjabi, Arabic
Punjabi, Gurmukhi
Punjabi, United Kingdom
Punjabi, India