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Russia

Russia is a country located in Eurasia. It is the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth’s inhabited land area. Russia extends across eleven time zones, and has borders with fourteen neighboring countries. The territory of Russia extends from the Baltic Sea in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east, and from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Black Sea and the Caucasus in the south. The country’s topography is diverse, with plains, tundra, forests, mountains, and volcanoes. The climate of Russia is also diverse, with cold winters and warm summers in the north, and tropical conditions in the south. The population of Russia is 143 million. The majority of the population is Russian, but there are also many other ethnic groups, including Tatars, Ukrainians, Bashkirs, and Chuvash. The capital of Russia is Moscow, and the official language is Russian. Russia has a long and rich history. The first human settlement in the territory of Russia dates back to the Paleolithic era. The first Russian state was founded in the 9th century, and by the 13th century, the territory of Russia had expanded to include much of present-day Europe and Asia. In the 16th century, Russia emerged as a powerful nation under the rule of Ivan the Terrible. In the 18th century, the Russian Empire reached its peak, extending from Poland to Alaska. However, the empire began to decline in the 19th century, and was further weakened by the First World War. The Russian Revolution of 1917 led to the establishment of the Soviet Union, a communist state that lasted for seventy years. The Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, and Russia emerged as an independent country. Since then, Russia has undergone a process of reform and modernization, although it faces many challenges in the 21st century.

Geographic data

Belongs to
Timezones
Anadyr Standard Time
Barnaul Time
Yakutsk Standard Time
Irkutsk Standard Time
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski Standard Time
Krasnoyarsk Standard Time
Magadan Standard Time
Novosibirsk Standard Time
Omsk Standard Time
Sakhalin Standard Time
Srednekolymsk Time
Tomsk Time
Vladivostok Standard Time
Yekaterinburg Standard Time
Astrakhan Time
Eastern European Standard Time
Kirov Time
Moscow Standard Time
Samara Standard Time
Saratov Time
Ulyanovsk Time
Volgograd Standard Time

Economy

GDP
4.016 trillion US dollars
Currencies
Russian Ruble
Russian Ruble (1991–1998)

Date format

Calendar
Gregorian Calendar
First workday
Monday
Weekend
Saturday - Sunday

Measurement units

Measurement system
Metric
Length units
Kilometer
Meter
Centimeter
Area units
Square kilometer
Hectare
Square meter
Square centimeter
Speed unit
Kilometer per hour
Temperature unit
Celsius

Population
141.72M
Literacy percentage
99.7%
Official language

Spoken languages

133.22M
1.98M
1.84M
1.84M
1.19M
935.37K
552.72K
538.54K
524.37K
453.51K
453.51K
439.34K
439.34K
368.48K
311.79K
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