The Czech Republic, also known as Czechia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is bordered by Poland to the north, Germany to the west, Austria to the south, and Slovakia to the east. The Czech Republic covers an area of 78,866 square kilometers (30,450 square miles) and has a population of over 10.5 million. The capital and largest city is Prague, with over 1.3 million inhabitants.
The Czech Republic has a long and rich history, dating back to the 9th century when the first Czech state was established. The country was subsequently ruled by the Holy Roman Empire, the Austrian Empire, and Nazi Germany. Following World War II, the Czech Republic became a communist state within the Eastern Bloc. However, the Velvet Revolution of 1989 led to the country’s transition to a parliamentary democracy.
The Czech Republic is a member of the European Union, NATO, the Council of Europe, and the Visegrád Group. It is also a party to the Schengen Agreement and the OECD. The country has been a leading member of the United Nations since its inception in 1945.
The Czech Republic has a developed economy and high living standards. It ranks as the 14th most peaceful country in the world and is one of the world’s most sustainable nations. The Czech Republic is also known for its high-quality beer and is home to the largest castle in the world, Prague Castle.
375.90 billion US dollars