Buriat, also known as Buriat-Mongol, is a Mongolic language spoken by the Buriat people, who mainly live in Siberia, Mongolia and Inner Mongolia. It is closely related to Mongolian and sometimes considered a dialect of it. In the past, the Buriat people were nomadic, living in yurts and moving from place to place in search of pastureland for their animals. Today, many Buriat people have settled down and live in cities and towns. The Buriat alphabet is based on the Cyrillic alphabet and uses all of its letters, plus two extra ones. The extra letters are Ы and Ө, which are used to represent the sounds [i] and [ʊ], respectively. Buriat has four dialects, which are based on geographical regions. The four dialects are Khorchin, Khalkha, Bargut and Tunka. Buriat is a tonal language, which means that the meaning of a word can change depending on the pitch of the speaker's voice. For example, the word бар (bar) can mean either 'house' or 'horse', depending on the tone used. Buriat is also a agglutinative language, which means that words are built up from smaller units called morphemes. For example, the word бараанаа (bar-aa-naa) means 'I am going to the house'. The Buriat people have their own unique culture and traditions. One of these is the Buriat yurt, which is a round, portable dwelling made from wood and felt. Another is the Buriat eagle, which is a symbol of strength and power. The Buriat people also have their own form of wrestling, called kumis kuresh, which is a popular sport in Mongolia. The Buriat language is an important part of the Buriat people's identity. It is a unique language that is not only interesting to linguists, but also has a rich culture and history behind it.

Language group

Mongolian languages

Language locales, regions and scripts

Buriat, Russia, Cyrillic
Buriat, Cyrillic