Kawi is a Javanese language that was historically spoken in central and eastern Java. It is now considered a dead language, as it is no longer used in daily life or taught in schools. However, there are still some people who know Kawi and use it in religious ceremonies.
Kawi is thought to have originated in the 10th century, and was used in literature and government documents during the Majapahit Empire. The empire reached its peak in the 14th century, but began to decline in the 15th century. Kawi began to fall out of use during this time, as Javanese speakers began to use the more commonly spoken Javanese language.
There are very few Kawi texts remaining, and most of what is known about the language comes from these texts. Kawi was written in a script called Old Javanese, which is also used for the Javanese language. The script is derived from the Brahmi script, which was used in India.
Kawi grammar is similar to that of Javanese, but there are some notable differences. For example, Kawi has more pronouns than Javanese, and uses different word order in some cases.
Some scholars believe that Kawi is related to the Balinese language, as they share some similarities in vocabulary and grammar. However, this is still debated, and further research is needed to determine the connection between these two languages.