Romanian (limba română) is a Romance language spoken mainly in Romania and Moldova, as well as in some parts of Hungary, Bulgaria, Ukraine, and Serbia. It has about 24 million speakers. Romanian is a part of the Balkan-Romance group that also includes languages such as Italian, French, Spanish, Catalan, and Portuguese.
The first Romanian written text is thought to be a letter from 1521. Romanian has been written in a Latin alphabet since the 19th century. The earliest Romanian dictionary was published in 1652.
The official status of Romanian is different in each country. In Romania, it is the first language. In Moldova, Romanian is the only official language. In the Republic of Moldova, Romanian is one of the three official languages, alongside Moldovan and Russian.
Romanian is a Romance language, meaning that it is descended from Latin. However, it has been significantly influenced by Slavic and other languages spoken in the area throughout its history. Romanian vocabulary includes many words of Slavic origin, as well as words from Turkish, Hungarian, and German.
Romanian grammar is similar to that of other Romance languages, but it also has some unique features. For example, Romanian uses the accusative case for direct objects, while most other Romance languages use the nominative case.
Romanian pronunciation is also quite different from that of other Romance languages. For example, Romanian has a distinctive vowel sound known as the " Romanian vowel", which is not found in any other language.
Romanian culture is a mix of Roman, Slavic, and other influences. Romanian literature dates back to the 16th century, and includes works by such internationally renowned authors as Mircea Eliade and Emil Cioran. Romanian music is also very popular, and includes both traditional folk music and modern pop and rock.
Romania is a beautiful country with a rich culture and history. If you're looking to learn a new language, Romanian is a great choice!