Guatemala is a country located in Central America. It is bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. With an area of 42,042 square kilometers, Guatemala is the most populous country in Central America, with a population of 17.2 million.
The country is a republic with a presidential system. The capital and largest city is Guatemala City. Other major urban areas include Quetzaltenango, Escuintla, and Ciudad Vieja.
Guatemala is a culturally rich country with a diverse history. The Maya civilization flourished in the region prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century. Guatemala gained independence from Spain in 1821 and became a part of the Mexican Empire. It later became part of the Central American Federation before declaring independence again in 1838.
The country has been plagued by political instability and civil war for much of its history. In the late 20th century, Guatemala experienced a period of transition as it moved from a military dictatorship to a democratically-elected government. The country is still recovering from the effects of the civil war, which ended in 1996.
Guatemala is a developing country with a growing economy. Tourism is a major industry, and the country is home to a number of popular tourist destinations, such as Antigua Guatemala, Tikal, and Lake Atitlán.
Guatemala is a culturally diverse country with a rich history. It is a country that is still recovering from the effects of a civil war, but it has a lot to offer tourists and investors.
138.10 billion US dollars