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Greece

Greece is a country located in southern Europe. It has a population of approximately 11 million people and covers an area of 131,957 square kilometers. Greece is bordered by the Aegean Sea to the east, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The country consists of a mainland and two large islands, Crete and Euboea. Greece has a long history, dating back to the Bronze Age. The country was once part of the Roman Empire and later the Byzantine Empire. Greece was later occupied by the Ottoman Empire for centuries. The Greek War of Independence in 1821 led to the country's independence. Greece is a parliamentary republic and the official language is Greek. The currency is the euro. Tourism is a major industry in Greece. The country is home to numerous historical and archaeological sites, as well as beautiful beaches. The most popular tourist destinations include Athens, the capital, and the islands of Crete and Santorini. Greece is a member of the European Union and NATO. The country is also a founding member of the United Nations.

Geographic data

Belongs to
Timezone
Eastern European Time

Economy

GDP
299.30 billion US dollars
Currencies
Euro
Greek Drachma

Date format

Calendar
Gregorian Calendar
First workday
Monday
Weekend
Saturday - Sunday

Measurement units

Measurement system
Metric
Length units
Kilometer
Meter
Centimeter
Area units
Square kilometer
Hectare
Square meter
Square centimeter
Speed unit
Kilometer per hour
Temperature unit
Celsius

Population
10.61M
Literacy percentage
97.3%
Official language

Spoken languages

10.5M
5.41M
954.64K
530.36K
392.46K
169.71K
127.29K
28.64K
9.97K
201
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