Colombia is a country located in the northwestern corner of South America. It is bordered by Panama to the north, Venezuela to the east, Brazil to the south, and Ecuador and Peru to the west. Colombia is the 26th largest country in the world by area and the 4th largest in South America. Colombia is a constitutional republic with a presidential system of government. The president of Colombia is the head of state and the head of government. The president is elected by the people for a four-year term and can be re-elected for a second term. The vice president is also elected by the people and serves as the head of the Senate. The legislature of Colombia is bicameral and consists of the Senate (upper house) and the House of Representatives (lower house). The Senate is composed of 100 members (two from each department) and the House of Representatives is composed of 166 members (elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms). The judicial branch of the government is headed by the Supreme Court of Justice, which is composed of 21 members elected by the Senate for eight-year terms. Colombia is a member of the United Nations, the Organization of American States, and the Andean Community of Nations. The economy of Colombia is the fourth largest in South America and is based on the export of petroleum, coal, coffee, and agricultural products. The GDP per capita was estimated at $13,100 in 2017. The population of Colombia is 49,737,374 (2017 estimate) and the country has a population density of 52 people per square kilometer. The majority of the population is of mixed European and Amerindian ancestry (58%), with minorities of European descent (20%), Afro-Colombian (14%), and Amerindian (4%). Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion (76%), with Protestantism (15%), and other religions (9%) also practiced. The official language of Colombia is Spanish, but there are also many indigenous languages spoken, including Quechua, Aymara, and Guaraní. Colombia is a diverse and fascinating country with a rich history and culture. It is a great place to visit, with something to offer everyone.

Geographic data

Belongs to
Colombia Standard Time


711.60 billion US dollars
Colombian Peso
Colombian Real Value Unit

Date format

Gregorian Calendar
First workday
Saturday - Sunday

Measurement units

Measurement system
Length units
Area units
Square kilometer
Square meter
Square centimeter
Speed unit
Kilometer per hour
Temperature unit

Literacy percentage
Official language