Moksha is a language spoken by about 500,000 people in the Moksha River basin in the Mari El Republic, Russia. It is closely related to the Mari language. Moksha is not an official language of Russia, but it is recognized as a minority language. Moksha is written in the Cyrillic script. The Moksha language is endangered. According to a 2002 survey, there are only about 500 speakers of Moksha, all of whom are over the age of 60. The younger generation does not learn the language, preferring to use Russian instead. There are several reasons for the decline of the Moksha language. One is the Russification of the Mari El Republic, which began in the 18th century. The Mari were forced to learn Russian and adopt Russian customs, and their own language and culture were suppressed. Another reason for the decline of Moksha is the increasing use of Russian in the home. In the past, Moksha was the language of the home, while Russian was used for education and work. However, as more and more people get their education in Russian and find jobs that require Russian, they are less likely to use Moksha at home. The Moksha language is also threatened by the increasing use of the Internet and television. Moksha speakers are more likely to use Russian when they are surfing the Internet or watching TV. The Moksha language is unique and has many interesting features. For example, Moksha has a system of honorifics that shows respect for the person you are talking to. This system is similar to the Japanese system of honorifics. Moksha also has a complex system of verb conjugation. Verbs can be conjugated in different ways to show the time, aspect, and mood of the action. For example, the verb "to read" can be conjugated as "I am reading," "I have read," "I will read," or "I am going to read." The Moksha language is an important part of the Mari culture. The Mari are a proud people with a long history and rich culture. The Moksha language is one of the things that makes the Mari culture unique. However, the Moksha language is in danger of disappearing. The younger generation is not learning the language, preferring to use Russian instead. The use of Russian in the home, the increasing use of the Internet and television, and the Russification of the Mari El Republic are all contributing to the decline of the Moksha language. If something is not done to protect the Moksha language, it may disappear completely within a few generations. This would be a shame, not only for the Mari people, but for the world. The Moksha language is a unique and interesting language, and it would be a loss if it disappeared.

Language group

Finno-Ugrian languages

Language locales, regions and scripts

Moksha, Russia, Cyrillic
Moksha, Cyrillic
Moksha, Russia