Fanti is a language spoken in Ghana. It is a member of the Akan language family. Fanti is also known as Fante, Mfantse, or Mfante. It is spoken by about 2 million people.
Fanti has a complex tonal system. There are three phonemic tones: high, mid, and low. Each tone can be realized in one of two ways: either as a level tone or as a contour tone. The tones are realized on different vowels in different ways. For example, the high tone is realized as a level tone on the vowel /i/, but as a contour tone on the vowel /a/.
Fanti has a subject-verb-object word order. Fanti also has a rich system of verbal morphology. Verbs can be inflected for aspect, mood, and evidentiality. There are also a number of derivational suffixes that can be added to verbs to create new meanings.
Fanti has a number of different pronouns, including first person, second person, and third person pronouns. There are also a number of different demonstratives, which are used to indicate the location of an object in space.
Fanti has a rich system of kinship terms. There are different terms for mother, father, brother, sister, and so on. There are also different terms for different types of relatives, such as cousins and uncles.
Fanti has a number of different noun classes. There are masculine and feminine nouns, as well as a number of different animacy classes. Nouns are also inflected for case. There are five different cases in Fanti: absolute, ergative, genitive, dative, and locative.
Fanti has a number of different adjectives. Adjectives can be inflected for degree, as well as for case. They can also be used as adverbs.
Fanti has a number of different adverbs. Adverbs can be used to modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. They can also be inflected for degree.
Fanti has a number of different particles. Particles can be used to indicate the speaker's attitude or opinion. They can also be used to create new words.