Somalia, officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. Somalia has the longest coastline on the continent, and its terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains, and highlands. Climatically, hot conditions prevail year-round, with periodic monsoon winds and irregular rainfall. Somalia is home to a variety of ethnic groups, the majority of which are Cushitic peoples. The Somalis make up the largest ethnic group in the country, and are descended from an ancient people who arrived in the Horn of Africa over 2,000 years ago. Other ethnic groups include the Afar, the Oromo, and the Issas. The Somali language is the official language of Somalia, and is spoken by the majority of the population. Somali is a member of the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic family of languages. It is also the mother tongue of the Somali people, the nation's most populous ethnic group. Other languages spoken in Somalia include Afar, Arabic, Italian, and English. Islam is the religion of the majority of the Somali people, with over 99% of the population adhering to the faith. Sunni Islam is the largest denomination, followed by Shafi'i Islam. There is a small minority of Christians, who make up less than 1% of the population. Somalia is a country of great antiquity, with a rich cultural heritage. Somali architecture is characterized by simplicity and functionality, with most buildings being constructed of mud bricks. Somali music is based on the pentatonic scale, and is characterized by its use of the qanun, an Arabic stringed instrument. Somalia has a long and rich literary tradition, with many works of poetry, prose, and drama having been written in the Somali language. The Somali people have a strong oral tradition, and many of their stories and poems have been passed down through the generations. The flag of Somalia consists of three horizontal stripes of equal width, with the colors black, white, and green. The black represents the Somali people, the white represents peace, and the green represents the country's natural wealth. Somalia is a land of great natural beauty, with a diverse landscape that includes deserts, mountains, forests, and rivers. The country is home to a variety of wildlife, including lions, leopards, elephants, and rhinos. Somalia is a developing country, with a GDP per capita of $600. The economy is based largely on agriculture, with livestock being the main source of income. Other important industries include fishing, mining, and oil production. The people of Somalia are friendly and hospitable, and the country is rich in culture and history. Somalia is a great place to visit, and a unique and unforgettable experience.

Geographic data

Belongs to
East Africa Time


20.44 billion US dollars
Somali Shilling

Date format

Gregorian Calendar
First workday
Saturday - Sunday

Measurement units

Measurement system
Length units
Area units
Square kilometer
Square meter
Square centimeter
Speed unit
Kilometer per hour
Temperature unit

Literacy percentage
Official languages

Spoken languages

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