Malta is a small island nation located in the Mediterranean Sea. The country is comprised of three main islands: Malta, Gozo, and Comino. Malta is the largest and most populous of the three islands, with a population of over 400,000. Gozo is the second largest island, with a population of around 30,000. Comino is the smallest and least populated of the three islands, with a population of just over 100.
Malta has a long history, dating back to the days of the Roman Empire. The country was ruled by a succession of foreign powers, including the Arabs, the Normans, the Knights of Malta, and the British. Malta gained independence from the British in 1964, and became a republic in 1974.
The Maltese economy is based on tourism, manufacturing, and financial services. The country is a popular tourist destination, due to its warm climate, Mediterranean lifestyle, and historical sites. Malta is also home to a number of multinational companies, such as Microsoft and Pfizer.
The Maltese education system is based on the British model. Students typically attend primary school for six years, followed by secondary school for four years. Higher education is provided by the University of Malta and a number of private colleges.
Malta is a member of the European Union and the Eurozone. The country is also a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the World Trade Organization.